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STATISTICS: Drug consumption in South Africa is twice that of the world norm

11 months ago Eastern Cape

STATISTICS: Drug consumption in South Africa is twice that of the world norm...

  • Drug syndicates In 1995 there were approximately 125 drug syndicates in South Africa, now there are an estimated 438 (2007)Related Statistics (CDA) and no actual statistic are available as of 2015

  • SA ranks NO: 4 in the world for drug offence cases per 100 000 population – 53, 810 per 100, 000 people.   (UN, 2002)Statistics in the Western Cape Documents

  • (MRC)A 2007 report said that Gauteng’s youngest drug dealer was a 8 year old boy from Douglasdale.   (Gauteng Drug awareness team)

  • Drug consumption in South Africa is twice the world norm.

  •  An Estimated 15% of South Africa’s population have a drug problem.

  • Drug abuse is costing South Africa R20-billion a year and could pose a bigger threat to the country’s future than the Aids pandemic.

  • According to SAPS figures, 60 percent of crimes nationally were related to substance abuse.

  • In 2004, government disbanded the SA Narcotics Bureau (SANAB), a dedicated drug-fighting unit within the SAPS that had achieved some notable successes. Since its closure,  drug-related crimes have increased exponentially – in fact by 30 percent.

The recently-released United Nations World Drug Report had named South Africa as one of the drug capitals of the world.


  • The abuse of alcohol and usage of dagga has lead the country to being one of the top ten narcotics and alcohol abusing Countries in the world.One Rand in four in circulation in SA is linked to the substance abuse problem.   (CDA-Bayever)

  • Drug arrests leapt from 300 in 2006 to 1500 in 2012 in Cape Town. (Times LiveGlobal Drug Stats) The illegal drug trade is a $3 billion global industry World-Wide.   (NatGeo: Drugs Inc, 2010)Drug Type StatisticsCigarettes

  • Drug statistics show that 25 000 people die annually of smoking-related illnesses in SA. According to the Cancer Association of South Africa.

  • 2, 5 million workdays are lost in SA due to absenteeism from tobacco-related illnesses.

  • Worldwide, between 80 000 and 100 000 kids start smoking every day.

  • Among young teens (aged 13 to 15), about one in five smoke worldwide.

Alcohol


  • Alcohol is the primary drug of abuse in SA. It’s responsible for nearly half of all motor accidents. Over 30% of our population have an alcohol problem or are at risk of having one.

  • Alcohol affects 17.5 million South Africans.

Studies show that people who start drinking before the age of 15 are 4-times more likely to become alcoholics.


  • 10 million of South Africans who consume alcohol drank the equivalent of 196 six-packs of beer or 62 bottles of spirits which is about 20.1 liters of pure alcohol each person per year.

  • SA has an estimated 182 000 illegal shebeens.

  • 122 out of every 1000 Grade 1 pupils in the Northern Cape town of De Aar have foetal alcohol syndrome – the highest incidence of the syndrome in one population anywhere in the world.

  • 18-22 years olds are the group of heaviest alcohol abuse.35% of High schools kids are problem drinkers who drink at least 9 units spirits, 1 liter wine or 2 liters of beer. 

During the CDA study 20% of 14 year old boys and nearly half of 17 year old boys drank in the previous month. Girls was a bit lower with 18% of 14 year olds and 35% of 17 year olds in the same period. (CDA)


Dagga


  • The use of dagga has increased by 20% in two years.

  • In 2006 2.52 million people used dagga and this increased to 3.2 million in 2008.   (CDA)

  • South Africans use double the amount of Dagga, than the average world-wide figure.

  • Over R3, 5 billion is spent annually by South Africans  to purchase dagga.

  • 1500 metric tons of Dagga is used annually.

  • South Africans spend an estimated R3560 million on dagga per year.

Mandrax


Mandrax (Methaqualone) South Africa is the largest user of Mandrax in the world.


Ecstacy


SA spends approximately R610 million in one year on illigial ecstacy purchases


Cocaine


The use of cocaine has increased by 20% in two years. In 2006 there were 250 000 South Africans who consumed cocaine worth about R1 430 million, this increased to 290 000 in 2008. (CDA)The number of South Africans in treatment for cocaine addiction increased from 1.5% in 1996 to 17.5%


Crack


Crack (Rocks) is the drug of choice amongst prostitutes. Some spend up to R30 000 per month. Selling their bodies to between 15 and 25 men per day to be able to finance their addiction.


Methamphetamine (Tik)


Tik (methamphetamine) is the main drug of choice for 42% of Cape Town drug users. Global Meth trade supplies 51 000 000 users worldwide. (NatGeo: Drugs Inc, 2010)Worldwide profits of over $ 35 Billion are made from producing and distributing Meth.  (NatGeo: Drugs Inc, 2010)


Heroin


In1996, one percent (1%) of South Africans were in treatment for heroin abuse while in 2008 those in treatment for this addiction increased between 8 – 24%.   (CDA)“Sugars”, a Heroin based drug that affects about 70 percent of households in the Durban South suburb Chatsworth. Nyaope, a mixture of dagga and heroin that has ben cut with products like domestos, Rattax and ARV’s, is causing inestimable damage among Tshwane’s township youth. Other forms of Heroin is on the increase under names like “Plazana” and “Kwape”, this makes the path from Dagga to Heroin much easier.More female students than male are using heroin.  (UNISA publication “Inspired” Vol 5 2009). In one year, the percentage of users has doubled in South Africa and is now marketed specifically in townships. Prices have also come down and it is far more affordable to lower income groups yet remains one of the most addicted drugs available today. 


Rehabilitation


  • Between 2% and 6% of those admitted to drug rehabilitation centres are hooked on prescription medications. “Most drug rehabilitation centers have a success rate of less than 3%.”    (Prof. .Malaka / University of Limpopo).

  • Teenagers and School kids who use alcohol or drugs are 3 times more involved with violent crimes.   (CDA)From 1992 – 95 the use of drugs among teenagers increased by 600%. That figure is still increasing and is now 1100%.   (2007)The starting age of abuse is twelve and younger, and drug dealers are targeting schools with very creative strategies.   (CDA – Bayever 2009)

Studies show that the average age of drug dependency in South Africa to be 12 years old, and dropping. One in two schoolchildren admits to having experimented with drugs.


Alcohol


  • 1 in 2 kids in the average SA home addicted to drugs or alcohol (Die Beeld, 05.03.2010)

  • Children who have one alcoholic parent have a 60% chance of becoming one. This percentage rises to 80% if both parents are alcoholics.   (Lig, 04.2008)

  • 50% of Grade 11 learners admitted that they have used alcohol in the last year.   (Lig, 4.2008)

  • 31% of school learners drink socially.   (CDA, 2008)60% of Grade 8-11 learners in Cape schools that misuse alcohol had to repeat their grade.   (CDA, 2008)

  • By the age of 18 more than 60% of teenagers has become drunk. 30% had used school time or work time to drink.   (The Lancet medical journal, 2009)In 2007 there was a clear increase in patients under 20 years, who came for treatment for dagga addiction.

  • 35% of High schools kids are problem drinkers who drink at least 9 units spirits, 1 liter wine or 2 liters of beer. (Rapport, 11.05.2008)

  

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